The first essential in the proper care of the feet, as of the body, is rigid attention to cleanliness. Where this is neglected there accumulates an excessive amount of perspiration, fatty material, dirt and skin scales which under the action of bacteria decompose causing a very offensive odor and 1.11.e skin to disintegrate. The individual then suffers from abrasions, blisters, tender, sweaty and flaccid feet.

To maintain a standard of cleanliness and relative freedom from foot trouble and disability, inspections should be made. In the barracks, this inspection should be made at least every fortnight. The company commander, accompanied by the sergeant who takes notes if necessary, passes through the barrack houses inspecting each man as he stands in his bare feet at the foot of his bunk. This can be accomplished in a very short time if the method is systematized. Some will maintain that this is repugnant and beneath the dignity of an officer. But the same is true of many other things in military life. Surely if cavalry officers take scrupulous care of the hoofs of their horses, infantry officers can do the same with the feet of their men. One is just as important as the other.

In the field, inspections are even more imperative. The feet should be inspected before and after every match so that all minor and trivial injuries can be attended to promptly and prevented from becoming serious disabling affections which cripple the efficiency of a command.

Daily foot baths of cool or tepid water with just enough soap to cleanse should be taken. Do not soak the feet as this softens the skin. If household ammonia is procurable a few drops of that in a basin is advisable. Cool or cold water is to be used because it not only hardens the skin and eases the sensation of burning after a march but also increases the tone of the foot. By tone is meant a stimulation whereby the muscles are held in a state or condition of continuous contraction ready to respond quickly to the slightest call. After a cold bath, we all feel much better and anxious to do. This condition in modern terminology is called "pep." So let us say that cold water gives "pep" to a tired foot. After washing, of course, the feet should be thoroughly dried. In the field, the feet should be washed and the socks changed before and after every hike. Water is usually present in the form of springs, wells or streams. By scraping a hole in the ground over which is spread a poncho, a suitable basin is readily made into which water may be poured from a canteen.

safety shoes auckland

Where water is scarce just a few spoonfuls poured on a towel, handkerchief or paper and applied between the toes suffices. In extreme cases, saliva on a handkerchief can be used to advantage. Both in the past and at present the nails according to an unassailable custom have been cut "round." The corners should not be trimmed off as this encourages a nail to grow into the flesh resulting in an ingrown nail. Nails should be cut straight across about every two weeks. Nails deformed by overgrowth, such as unusually thick nails and clubbed nails, can be remedied by soaking in hot water and paring down With a knife or rubbing down with sandpaper. The material under the nails should be removed with an orange stick, not with the point of scissors and the like.

safety shoes