Comparison of Marine Corps and Civilian Lasts The average individual, upon being measured and subsequently fitted, almost invariably asserts that the shoe given him is too large and that in civilian life he wore such and such a size shoe without suffering any inconvenience. From this, he deduces that he is the most competent judge of his own size. Furthermore, he declares that he can never wear the size fitted him and predicts with all earnestness the direst calamity that will befall him on the future march or drill. This man is a fair sample of those who, ignorant of their own size and of the difference in sizes between the Marine Corps Lasts and Civilian Lasts, endeavor to jam their feet into anything made of leather because of the prevailing style. This is a result of the haphazard pernicious system of demand for appearance which has ruined more feet than can be estimated. In this discussion, many details of the difference between the sizes of the Marine Corps and Civilian shoes could be enumerated. However, details are dry and uninteresting; and it is the purpose of this Manual to eliminate such superfluous material where possible. Suffice it to say that a Marine Corps shoe size 7EE is far different from the corresponding

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civilian shoe size; and further that civilian shoes made by different manufacturers differ among themselves. These differences of size may be one of length or width. It is, therefore, self-apparent that, as the military shoe is a shoe distinctive Live and physiologic, every man should be correctly measured and fitted when he first enters the service if he is to be efficient and render full value to the government.

The great majority of recruits received in the service for training are men who were formerly occupied in sedentary occupations; exercising but little or none at all and riding

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whenever possible on street cars, automobiles, bicycles and the like. This universal aversion to walking is not at all startling and exceptional but typical of the man of today who surrounded by mechanical conveyances of all types, saves himself the effort and takes the path of least resistance. This type of man will usually have undeveloped relatively weak feet. Now supply this individual with shoes the sizes of which have been selected haphazardly and he will stand an excellent chance of having feet which are ruined organically and functionally before he leaves the training camp or is sent back from the firing line. Then there is that other type of individual who has practically earned his livelihood by the constant use of the feet. This individual usually has well formed, well developed, strong feet. These feet one would call "good feet." Literally, throw shoes at this man, or allow him to select his shoes from

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the pile and those good fees will not last long under the stress and strain of military life. It requires no mental effort to readily perceive that no matter whether a man enters the service with well or badly developed feet the enr1 result is always the same if care is not taken to measure his feet and fit shoes correctly.