In the past when large numbers of men arrived suddenly at a concentration or training camp and immediate outfitting was imperative, commissary officers and their assistants often allowed the recruit to specify the size shoe he wore and in some instances permitted him to select his shoes from a pile. Such an unsystematic procedure necessarily resulted in a large number of men receiving ill-fitting shoes with subsequent foot disability. Fortunately for the efficiency of our armed forces, such an antiquated, obsolete measure has been discarded.

Consideration of the Ball Points in Fitting.

Where the first metatarsal and fifth metatarsal bones join the higher and larger bones of the ankle proper or instep there are located points called the "ball-points." These

safety shoes

points for the sake of convenience in description and according to size may be designated as the primary and secondary "ball-points." The primary or large "ball-point" is located on the inner side of the foot back of the big toe where a prominent protruding eminence is seen. The secondary or small "ball-point" is located on the outer side of the foot back of the little toe where a protruding but less prominent point is noted In locomotion when a step is taken, and the heel raised it must be understood that both these joints move simultaneously.

In fitting a well-constructed military shoe it must be made certain that these two points correspond with the " break " or the ball-points" of the shoe sole and shoe upper inflection of the foot. When ill-fitting has occurred these points may be anterior or posterior to the " break " with evil results. Also where the "ball-points" of the feet and shoes fail to coincide exactly there is a loss of gripping or propelling power directed backward to shove the weight borne forward.